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Your Guide to Effective DARP Notes (with PDF Template)

Sophie Tremblay
Written by Sophie Tremblay / In collaboration with Stéphanie Villeneuve /

Documenting patient information and writing progress notes are essential for professionals in the helping fields. With many templates, structures, and guidelines available, it can be challenging to know exactly how and when to use them.

Understanding the different note types and their usefulness in various contexts is crucial for maintaining accurate and helpful client records.

In this article, we’ll explore:

What is a DARP Note?

A DARP note is a concise and structured way to document client interactions.

DARP stands for:

  • D
  • A
  • R
  • P

It highlights key aspects of a client's session, offering a clear and organized method for recordkeeping. These notes help professionals track progress over time, identify patterns, and make informed decisions about treatment planning and interventions.

DARP notes include four types of information:


This section combines subjective and objective information about the session to provide detailed documentation of the collected information. It includes anything discussed during the session, observations made about the client, and relevant details about the client’s subjective experience.


In the assessment part of the document, the practitioner uses the gathered data to create a professional subjective analysis. This involves interpreting the information, reflecting on progress, and identifying areas that need attention. It’s a space for professional interpretation and assessment.


The response section records the client's response to interventions, summarizing their reaction and progress. This information helps professionals adjust the plan and assess the treatment's effectiveness. Depending on its relevance to the intervention, this section may not always be included.


The last section of the note maps out the strategy for future sessions. It includes treatments, goals, objectives, follow-up actions, and referrals. Essentially, it outlines the upcoming steps to address the identified issues.

DAP Notes vs. DARP Notes

While DAP notes follow a similar format to DARP notes, they differ in that DAP notes do not include a specific section for the client’s response. The DAP format can be seen as the core of the note format, including all the necessary information to ensure effective tracking of the patient’s progress.

The “Response” section can be added to provide a space for the client’s response. In certain cases, the response can enhance the assessment portion of the note, providing more context for future sessions and helping to adjust the plan accordingly.

How to Write Effective DARP Notes

Professionals use the DARP model and other note templates to save time when writing clinical progress notes and facilitate collaboration with colleagues and other professionals.

These models can help ensure that the information added to a client’s record is clear, concise and detailed. This is why it’s important to follow the structure’s outline in order and to draft progress notes in a timely manner.

For more specific guidance on writing progress notes for your professional practice, visit the websites of your professional orders and associations. Facebook communities and online forums are also great resources to find advice from other professionals in your field.

When drafting DARP notes, here are a few pointers to keep in mind:

  1. Be Specific: Provide detailed information for each section of the note. Clearly distinguish between objective and subjective information, especially in the "Data" section. The reader should be able to easily identify the two and not confuse subjective with objective information. Specify who said what and who perceived what to separate the client's input from your observations.
  2. Focus on Goals: Concentrate on treatment goals, objectives, and methods. DARP notes track a client’s progress and measure treatment effectiveness, so it's crucial to include this key information. It’s also important to remember that progress notes should reflect the clinical process and therefore align with the intervention plan.
  3. Use Objective Language: Avoid subjective language and focus on observable and measurable behaviours. This ensures that your notes are clear, precise, and based on concrete information, which can be easily understood and evaluated by others reviewing the documentation.

DARP Note Examples

Below are examples of DARP notes in various clinical contexts. Use them to guide you in writing your own notes and understanding what kind of information should be documented in each section. These examples are for illustrative purposes only and should not be used for actual clinical documentation.

DARP Note Example for Psychoeducation

Data: Client reports feeling overwhelmed and anxious about upcoming exams. Symptoms include restlessness, difficulty concentrating, and insomnia. Client rates anxiety at 8/10.

Assessment: A more thorough assessment by a skilled professional would be relevant. Anxiety is impacting daily functioning and academic performance.

Response: Provided psychoeducation on anxiety and its effects on the body. Taught client deep breathing exercises and progressive muscle relaxation techniques. Client practiced these techniques in session and reported feeling slightly more relaxed.

Plan: Continue weekly sessions to monitor anxiety levels and teach additional coping strategies. Assign homework to practice relaxation techniques daily. Next session will focus on helping client to recognize negative thought patterns.

DARP Note Example for Social Work

Data: Client recently lost his job and reports feeling hopeless and depressed. Client mentions trouble getting out of bed and lack of interest in previously enjoyed activities. Client rates depressed mood at 7/10.

Assessment: A more thorough assessment by a skilled professional would be relevant. The recent job loss is a significant stressor which appears contributory to the client's depressive symptoms.

Response: Discussed client's feelings about job loss and its impact on his self-esteem. Explored client's support system and identified key individuals who can offer emotional support. Introduced the concept of behavioural activation and brainstormed small, manageable activities client can engage in to combat inactivity.

Plan: Schedule bi-weekly sessions to support client through this transition period. Assign homework to engage in one pleasurable activity and one task-oriented activity before the next session. Plan to explore job search strategies and career counselling resources in future sessions.

DARP Note Example for Psychiatric Nursing

Data: Client reports increased agitation and irritability over the past two weeks. Client has a history of bipolar disorder and is currently on medication. Client mentions missing a few doses of medication recently.

Assessment: Client's symptoms suggest a potential relapse into a manic episode, likely triggered by inconsistent medication adherence.

Response: Reviewed the importance of medication adherence with the client. Discussed potential consequences of missing doses and strategies to remember to take medication, such as setting reminders. Conducted a brief mental status exam and found no immediate risk of harm.

Plan: Follow-up appointment in one week to monitor symptoms and medication adherence. Client agrees to set daily reminders to take medication. Will consult with the prescribing psychiatrist to consider a medication review if symptoms persist.

Using Psylio to Write Effective DARP Notes

Mastering the skill of writing effective progress notes is essential for professionals in the helping fields. If DARP notes seem right for you and your professional context, following these tips can help ensure that your notes are clear and concise.

We’ve also created an easy-to-use DARP note template that can be used with any recordkeeping method. Download it to have it handy whenever you need!

You can even integrate it directly in our comprehensive practice management solution to benefit from secure storage, easy access to your records and customizable templates to suit your recordkeeping needs.

Sign up for Psylio to start writing progress notes with ease!


What is the Difference Between SOAP Notes and DARP Notes?

SOAP notes (Subjective, Objective, Assessment, and Plan) differ from DARP notes in their structure. In DARP notes, subjective and objective information is combined in the “Data” section, whereas SOAP notes keep these separate. Additionally, DARP notes include a “Response” section that SOAP notes do not.

SOAP notes focus on gathering a broad range of information to inform effective clinical treatment, while DARP notes emphasize collecting client information and experiences to inform the assessment.

As a practitioner, it is your responsibility to determine which format is more appropriate for your clinical context and which structure will allow you to document the necessary information. To learn more about SOAP notes and see if they might be best for your practice, check out our blog post explaining SOAP notes with in-context examples. You'll also find a free downloadable PDF to help you get started with writing SOAP notes right away.

About the author

Sophie Tremblay
Sophie Tremblay
Content Specialist, B.A.

Sophie excels as a French and English content specialist and project coordinator for Optania. With a Bachelor of Arts and a double major in French and English literature, her linguistic expertise brings rigour and excellence to the content produced by the team.

Her experience in coordinating content writing, conducting specialized demonstrations and training, and supporting customer service operations demonstrates her continued commitment. Her passion for language and creating quality content is a constant source of motivation in her work.

See all Sophie Tremblay's posts

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